Most people know about a few foods that dogs shoudn’t eat, but you’ll probably be surprised by at least a few on this list– but it’s also important to remember that this isn’t a complete list. Even your spice rack has plenty of things that could seriously hurt your dog– so it’s a good thing to make sure that any food you don’t want your dog to have is kept out of his reach. Read on and see how many of these items you knew about!
Avocados contain a substance called persin. It’s harmless for humans who aren’t allergic. But large amounts can be toxic to dogs. Even avocado trees are dangerous– persin is in the leaves, seed, and bark, as well as in the fruit.
Onions and Garlic
Even small amounts of onion and garlic in all forms — powdered, raw, cooked, or dehydrated — can destroy a dog’s red blood cells, leading to anemia. Symptoms of anemia include weakness, vomiting, little interest in food, dullness, and breathlessness.
Anything With Caffeine
Anything that contains caffeine can be fatal for a dog– and, there is no antidote. Symptoms of caffeine poisoning include restlessness, rapid breathing, heart palpitations, muscle tremors, fits, and bleeding. In addition to tea and coffee – including beans and grounds – caffeine can be found in cocoa, chocolate, colas, and stimulant drinks such as Red Bull.
Grapes and Raisins
Although it isn’t clear why, grapes and raisins can cause kidney failure in dogs. And just a small amount can make a dog ill. Repeated vomiting is an early sign. Within a day, the dog will become lethargic and depressed.
Dogs are not set up to handle lactose as well as humans. Milk and milk-based products can cause diarrhea and other digestive upset as well as set up food allergies (which often manifest as itchiness).
Macadamia nuts or foods containing macadamia nuts can be fatal to your dog. As few as 6 raw or roasted macadamia nuts can make a dog ill. Symptoms of poisoning include muscle tremors, weakness or paralysis of the hindquarters, vomiting, elevated body temperature, and rapid heart rate.
Candy and Gum
Candy, gum, toothpaste, baked goods, and some diet foods are sweetened with xylitol, which can cause an increase in the insulin circulating through your dog’s body. This, in turn, will lead to liver failure. Initial symptoms include vomiting, lethargy, and loss of coordination.
The toxic agent in chocolate is theobromine. It’s in all kinds of chocolate, even white chocolate. The most dangerous kinds, though, are dark chocolate, chocolate mulch, and unsweetened baking chocolate. Even small amounts can cause abnormal heart rhythm, tremors, seizures, and death.
Persimmons, Peaches, and Plums
The problem with these fruits (and some others) is the seeds or pits. They can cause inflammation of the small intestine in dogs. They can also cause intestinal obstruction. Peach and plum pits also contain cyanide, which is poisonous to both humans and dogs. Humans know not to eat them. Dogs don’t.
There are two problems with giving your dog raw eggs. The first is the possibility of food poisoning from bacteria like Salmonella or E. coli. The second is that an enzyme in raw eggs interferes with the absorption of a particular B vitamin. This can cause skin problems as well as problems with your dog’s coat if raw eggs are fed for a long time.
Raw Meat and Fish
Raw meat and raw fish, like raw eggs, can contain bacteria that causes food poisoning. In addition, certain kinds of fish such as salmon, trout, shad, or sturgeon can contain a parasite that causes “fish disease.” If not treated, the disease can be fatal within 2 weeks. The first signs of illness are vomiting, fever, and big lymph nodes. Thoroughly cooking the fish will kill the parasite and/or the bacteria and protect your dog.
Before it’s baked, bread dough needs to rise. And, that’s exactly what it would do in your dog’s stomach if your dog ate it. As it swells inside, the dough can stretch the dog’s abdomen and cause severe pain. In addition, when the yeast ferments the dough to make it rise, it produces alcohol that can lead to alcohol poisoning.
Reaction to a drug commonly prescribed for humans is the most common cause of poisoning in dogs. Never give your dog any over-the-counter medicine unless told to do so by your vet. Ingredients such as acetaminophen or ibuprofen can be deadly for your dog.
If Your Dog Eats What It Shouldn’t
If you even think your dog has eaten something he shouldn’t, call the ASPCA Animal Poison Control Center – (888) 426-4435. Keep this number where you know you can find it in an emergency.
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